Eurodyssee

Regiones : Sardegna

Sardinia Region: an island rich in natural beauty and traditions

Sardinia is the second largest island in the Mediterranean Sea and the third widest region in Italy, with an area of 24,106 km2 (9,305 sq. miles), with a population of 1,653,135 and a population density of nearly 70 inhabitants per km2, one of the least populated regions in Italy. The nearest land masses are (clockwise from North) the island of Corsica, the Italian Peninsula, Sicily, Tunisia, the Balearic Islands, and Provence.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

It is an autonomous region and is divided into four provinces and a metropolitan city, with Cagliari being the region's capital and its largest city as well.

Socio-economic profile:

Italy has been severely affected by the economic crisis. Since 2008, the economy has suffered from low growth and increasing unemployment. GDP PPS per capita in Sardinia is much lower than the Italian average. In 2016, it was €20,600, far below the Italian (€ 28,200) and the European average (€ 29,200). This indicator, from 2008 to 2014, has registered 6.2% decrease (higher than the Italian average decrease, 4.5%)
Nevertheless, the GDP per capita in Sardinia is still one of the highest among the Southern regions of Italy. 
In 2016, the regional GDP at current prices amounted to €33,556m, approximately 2% of the Italian GDP (Eurostat, 2018). Between 2014 and 2015 the economic growth in Sardinia (+3.4%) has been faster compared to the national average (+1.9%).
The unemployment rate in Sardinia is higher than the Italian average. However, since the end of '90s, it showed a sharp decreasing trend, which has been inverted with the economic crisis. In 2007, the unemployment rate was below 10%, higher than the Italian average or the EU, but much lower than ten years later. Since 2008, due to the economic crisis, unemployment has been rising and, in 2014, the unemployment rate reached 18.6%.
From 2014 to 2016, the unemployment rate decreased by 7.5% (from 18.7% to 17.3%). However, the unemployment rate is still equal to 17% (Eurostat, 2018) and still far above the Italian and the European average.
In 2016, the employment rate is lower (50.5%) than the national average (58%) and very far from the European average (67.6%); Sardinia turns out to be one of the Italian regions with the lowest level of employment.
In 2016, the employed workforce in Sardinia amounted to 564,400 units; 77.5% of the workforce were employed in the service sector,  16.5% in the industrial sector and the remaining  6% in agriculture.
Agriculture and farming have a stronger role compared to the Italian average – sheep farming and sheep products are particularly relevant to the regional economy. In addition to international trade, public sector and new technologies, tourism is a key industry and mostly prevalent in the Northern coast of the island.
As far as the industrial sector is concerned, historically, Sardinia has exploited coal, zinc, iron, silver, lead and bauxite. The extraction of granite has also played an important role for the industrial sector. For a very long time, natural resources supported the development of the iron and steel industry, shipbuilding industry, metallurgical industry as well as chemical and petrochemical sectors.

 

Policy trends profile:

The new Smart Specialisation Strategy (S3) focuses on a number of critical issues to be tackled. In particular the challenges ahead, concern:

·         Make Sardinia "island of knowledge and innovation".

·         Repositioning the production in an environmentally sustainable and innovative environment.

·         Empowering human capital.

·         Involve Sardinia in the national and international context of innovation.

 
The new programming strategy reflects the European approach to the Smart Specialisation Strategy, and identifies research and innovation as the common factors that can connect businesses within the regional production system with human capital and the regional knowledge base, in order to strengthen local assets and increase the efficiency and sustainability in the use of resources.
 

For the new programming period 2014-2020 the regional strategy has identified the following areas of specialisation that represent policy priorities:
 
1. ICT;
2. Intelligent networks for intelligent energy management;
3. Agrifood;
4. Aerospace;
5. Biomedicine;
6. Tourism and cultural and environmental heritage.
 
For what regards the ERDF the ERDF 2014-2020, the financial resources available amount to about € 465m. The funds allocated to the OT1(Research and Innovation) amount to 13.82% of total resources and are split as follows:

·         Funds for research and innovation in public research centres and competence centres, including networking, € 12m.

·         Funds for research and innovation in private research centres, including networking, Euros € 28m.

·         Funds for technology transfer activities and cooperation between universities and businesses, mainly for SMEs, € 11m.

·         Funds for research and innovation processes in SMEs.

Moreover, the OT 2 (Digital Agenda), closely integrated with the OT 1, represents the 14% of the overall budget, while the OT 3 (Competitiveness of productive systems) represents the 22,93% of the OP budget.
 

Source: European Commision - DG Growth, Internal Market, Industry, Enterprenaurship and SMEs

 

 


Sitio web Principal
ASPAL- Agenzia Sarda per le Politiche Attive del lavoro


Regione Autonoma della Sardegna



Esta región no tiene ofertas de prácticas en este momento.

Datos personales

Luca Spissu
Responsable for Regional and European projects Service
Responsable Regional

Silvia Cocco
Responsable for HR Service
Responsable de Recursos Humanos

Emanuela Atzori
Transnational Mobility Sector
Francesca Pasini
Transnational Mobility Sector
Denise Sanna
Transnational Mobility Sector
Responsable operativo

Contactos

Sardegna

Regione Autonoma della Sardegna
Direcciones
Via Is Mirrionis, 195 09122 Cagliari Italy
Números de Teléfono
Trabajo 0039 0706067039 Fax 0706067917
E-mail
Sitio web
ASPAL- Agenzia Sarda per le Politiche Attive del lavoro